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Whale capsizes a boat off the coast of New Hampshire.
  • That's a great story. Ocean survival courses teach the 1-10-1 rule. If you are immersed in cold water, it takes 1 minute for catch your breath and orient yourself. You then have 10 minutes of useful movement before your hands stiffen up, and one hour until you are fully incapacitated. And "cold" means water at 15C or less, which is typical of the north Atlantic.

  • Microsoft Says Bye-Bye DEI, Joins Growing List Of Corporations Dismantling Diversity Teams
  • It's true that generational improvement in social acceptance of diversity should not be taken for granted. However, I do think it follows fairly predictably with prosperity. When people feel confident in their economic prospects, they are more open to change that benefits others. The opposite is true as well. So, while the universe may not have a strict "natural order" in terms of social progress, the arc of human history shows a strong correlation between economic prosperity and social progress.

  • Are jabronis a necessity for a social media platform to be successful?
  • There's a story, possibly apocryphal, about the Israeli Cabinet, after the surprise attack that started the Yom Kippur War, always requiring a "tenth man". The theory is that if nine people agree, then it is the duty of the "tenth man" to disagree, no matter what and no matter how much the other members pressure them. They are considered irritating but necessary to avoid dangerous group think.

    I'm not sure I completely understand what you mean by a jabroni. Do you think they are the "tenth man" of our communities?

  • Canada’s Prime Ministers: More like Monarchs than You Think | The Walrus
  • While I agree that our FPTP system is archaic and the PM may have too much power, I'm not necessarily convinced that the alternatives would make the country much better.

    The longer I watch governments at home and abroad, the more I see that all democratic systems of government depend on a set of unwritten rules of honourable behaviour, respect for compromise, and fair-dealing. If those norms of behavior are ignored, the written rules won't save us. In short, good people can make a bad system work, and corrupt people can corrupt any system. The US constitution was famously designed as a system of checks and balances specifically intended to prevent too much power from resting in the hands of one man, and yet look what they've done to themselves in the last couple of decades.

    That isn't to say that we shouldn't try to continuously make the system better. But I'm less inclined than I used to be to think that the specific structure we implement is overly important.

  • NSA Claims It Can’t Watch a Tape It Recorded in the 1980s
  • "Jesus H. Christ, how is this gonna help us against the Russkies, Larry? I ain't spendin' one red cent on this ancient history nerd bullshit. We got commies to catch! Or, uh, whatever the Russkies are nowadays. Throw that FOI shit in the fuckit bucket, goddammit."

  • weird looking gear
  • This exact thing happened in the wine world in 1976 during the "Judgment of Paris" wine-tasting event. The top wine critics in the world did a blind taste test of the best French wines and a bunch of unknown California wines. Naturally, everyone, including the critics, thought France would win hands-down. California won, shocking everyone. Before revealing the results, the judges were asked whether they thought the California or French wines had won. They all assumed that the wines they rated the highest were French, claiming they could tell which was which even while blinded. The interesting thing isn't so much that California wines were good, but rather that the professional judges couldn't tell the difference in a blind taste test.

  • Toronto newcomers paying up to 12 months' rent up front to secure housing
  • No job, no credit, no references, and a backed up landlord-tenant board, meaning that the landlord can't evict for at least a year if they don't pay the rent... no surprise that they had to put cash up front.

    The bigger issue, though, is why stay in downtown Toronto? It's the second most expensive real estate market in Canada and an extremely competitive job market. There are a hundreds other less expensive places of live that would greatly value an influx of people with skills. Where I live (not Toronto), half of our IT department are newcomers from India and Africa who were smart enough to realize that there is more to Canada than Toronto.

  • Fallout London's Robot Speaker of the House Played by UK's Actual Former Speaker of the House
  • I also enjoyed watching Mr. Bercow's antics. It is also interesting to note that he was found guilty in 2022 of quite serious bullying charges against House of Commons staff. It is unfortunate that he did not reserve his acid, if entertaining, tongue for deserving politicians alone, but rather used his sharp wit to belittle staff as well. Not cool.

  • Process of sailing - please help me to confirm my understanding
  • Good explanation. This is the way.

    Backing it up one step further, a common beginner mistake is to decide on a destination irrespective of the wind direction. This sometimes makes sailing more difficult than it needs to be and can result in the unnecessary torturing of guests as the captain stubbornly pounds into wind and wave to achieve a destination not superior to other options that would provide a more congenial travel experience.

    Therefore, I would add:

    1. Choose a destination with due consideration for wind and wave.

    Beginners should note that a beam reach is typically the fastest point of sail on flat water. A broad reach is the fastest and typically most comfortable point of sail in wavy conditions. Close-hauled is the most exciting for short periods of time, but will exhaust your guests (and stress your rig) if prolonged in windy and wavy conditions. Pointing dead down wind can be fun when sailing wing-and-wing or with a spinnaker, but is often rather exhausting for the helm as it requires close attention.

    I can't remember who it was anymore, but I once saw a video by a women's cruising instructor who said: "If it's hard, you're doing it wrong." Over the years, I've grown to more fully appreciate the truth and wisdom of that advice.

  • NSA Claims It Can’t Watch a Tape It Recorded in the 1980s
  • It is true that they could resurrect the tapes if they had a compelling reason to do so. Denying the request indicates that they don't believe the reason to be sufficiently compelling to warrant the extra expenditure of resources. That is subtley different from "we don't want to", which implies a level of capriciousness.

    Government departments get FOI requests all the time and they take resources to fulfill. FOI is not intended as a way to have taxpayers fund people's pet projects. That's why FOI law doesn't require your government to spend (even more) money to acquire technology they don't have or need for anything other than the FOI request itself. Rather, something that requires that kind of extra effort and expenditure should be submitted as a research request, normally with its own funding.

  • Ken Levine says BioShock nearly went nowhere and was almost canceled: "We can't make those games because they don't sell"
  • You are totally right. We are living in a golden age of not only video games, but entertainment in general, thanks to ridiculously powerful computers and the internet. People with video game nostalgia remember how those old games made them feel, because the games were new and exciting and they were young. But video games (and board games) have done nothing but improve over the years as developers figure what works and what doesn't.

    Nowadays there is just of ton of...everything. We are spoiled for choice. There are so many excellent games at every price point, and also tons of crap, and yes, too much shovelware and too many rehashed franchise games. But here's the thing: these things aren't mutually exclusive. We have all of it, all at once, and reviews and advice are everywhere. If someone is tired of rehashed AAA franchise games, they can spend the rest of their lives playing clever indie games and they'll still barely scratch the surface of what's available.

  • ‘Death Occurs in the Dark’: Indie Video Game Devs Are Struggling to Survive
  • This seems like a natural evolution of the market: a period of expansion followed by saturation and contraction. And there can be no doubt that we have hit a saturation point. There has been an absolute explosion in the number of games available, largely because platforms like Steam have simplified the logistics of distribution tremendously.

    On the positive side for small developers, if you look at which games are rated "overwhelmingly positive" on Steam, the vast majority are not high-end graphic-intensive AAA games. There is a huge market for lighter, innovative games that can run on a cheap laptop. For every massive Cyberpunk type games in my collection, I have three Stardew Valley, Caves of Qud, and Undertale type games.

  • Poilievre says he wants to restore the military while cutting spending — how would that work?
  • This is true of most politicians. They know that getting elected is not really about policy, but rather about capturing the sentiments of the population. When Trudeau was elected, the country was sick of the dour Harper et al brand and wanted a younger, hipper PM with a hope-and-change message. Now that Trudeau has run through his idea list, and Canadians are unhappy with the economy, Poilievre just needs to reflect that sentiment. You hardly ever hear him talk about actual policy because he knows that concrete ideas can be attacked. Riding the wave of resentment is the successful strategy for him, so he rarely says anything beyond criticizing Trudea. I'm pretty sure that the Liberals are resigned to losing at this point, and one gets the sense that Trudeau is just tired. And Freeland is smart enough to keep her powder dry and wait until we get sick of Poilievre in turn.

  • Before your change to Linux
  • I still have a Windows 10 or 11 PC that I only use for gaming so I don't really "use" Windows anymore. I basically use that computer like a really kick-ass game console. Which is why I neither know nor care what version of Windows is on that PC. All my other computers run Linux now.

    I had played around with Linux back in the day, but it never stuck. It was the "upgrade" from Windows 7 to 10 that pushed me to commit to Linux permanently. Now my daily driver is EndeavourOS on the laptop and Proxmox on my servers.

    What was so bad going from Win7 to Win10? Win10 is painfully slow and shockingly bloated on older hardware, and doesn't provide any new benefits that I care about. I would have had to replace my laptop for no good reason to stay with Win10. Anyway, once I installed Linux and KDE, I saw how awesome the Linux desktop experience has become and that was that. I will never go back to Windows now, even when I get a new laptop. Windows just isn't a good operating system anymore while Linux has improved tremendously in terms of user experience.

  • Is NixOS at the advent of an implosion? | Community inquiry on recent drama
  • To be fair, one person's "politics" is another person's life. When you say "politics" in the sense and context we have here, what does it really mean? It probably means something like "controversial topics related to gender, race, or sexual preference". When you think of it that way, it is easy to see that excluding discussion of these topics could be seen as excluding or devaluing people with non-mainstream characteristics. An example of that would be the "Don't Say Gay" law in Florida, or the US military's "Don't Ask Don't Tell" policy whereby they would allow homosexuals in the military as long as they kept quiet about it.

    However, those conversations can be delicate and fraught, so I can see why many people want to keep them to a minimum in certain communities. I have a lot of sympathy for mods that have to moderate such conversations. In general, though, I don't think it makes sense to remove comments or people unless they are clearly malicious. There are plenty of people for whom topics related to identity are alien or controversial or too painful and personal. Simply calling people "sealions" or "concern trolls" or "transphobic" or whatever and removing them from the conversation is not only wrong, but counter-productive, in my humble opinion. I think the vast majority of people come to conversations with good intentions, but different levels of knowledge, conflict tolerance, and interest in perceived off-topic digressions.

  • Server for a boat

    Good day, friends. Since catching the self-hosting bug, I've set up a couple of Proxmox home servers with a bunch of services I enjoy.

    Now I'd like to set up a server and local network on my sailboat so I can self-host servarr, pihole, and other services while traveling. The tricky part is that everything on the boat is 12V and I would rather not use an inverter, if possible. Also, it needs to be ultra-low power so I can leave it on at all times and not to deplete my batteries too much.


    • ultra-low power
    • Small form factor
    • runs on 12V
    • 10 TB of storage plus ability to make full local backup
    • Capable of hosting servarr, audiobookshelf, freshrss, etc. via docker
    • HDMI output
    • Full local mirror/backup of the entire file system, including the media library.
    • We will have two laptops and two Android phones to access the server, so the server doesn't need to run a desktop environment.

    I'll have a mobile wifi router and a cellular signal booster (or maybe Starlink eventually) for internet access. Since internet bandwidth will be limited and expensive while traveling, I don't want to have to re-download a massive media llibrary if the storage media fail. Thus, I want the media library to be mirrored or fully backed up or synced locally.

    What hardware and Linux distro would you use in this situation?


    Jellyseer for ebooks?

    Hello fellow self-hosters. I'm currently self-hosting the servarr stack, including jellyseer, radarr/sonarr, prowlarr transmission, and jellyfin. It works great.

    I now want to expand my system into ebooks as well. I have readarr already set up, but it is too complicated for my wife. I've also tried calibre, which is great for ebook management,and Kavita, which is a lovely ebook server and reader. But I'm looking for something like "jellyseer for ebooks" that shows what's currently popular and makes it easy for the user to make requests and have those requests sent to an automated backend for downloading. Additionally, it should work well from a phone, and it would be ideal if it could download from Library Genesis.

    Thanks in advance for your suggestions.


    Migrating to ZFS

    I recently purchased a used PowerEdge R420 rack server with a Compellent SC220 Storage Shelf. I currently have four 3.5" HDDs in the R420 and ten 2.5" HDDs in the SC220. The R420 server previously had TrueNAS installed, so all of the hard drives on both the R420 and the SC220 are formatted with ZFS. I'm now running Ubuntu on the R420 using ZFS.

    The server I'm replacing is an old gaming PC running Manjaro and BTRFS. It has one SSD with the operating system and two 4 TB HDDs set up as RAID0. I've been using the RAID to store media downloaded via the Servarr stack.

    So, my goal is to create a large pool out of all of the HDDs (except the one running the OS) on the R420 and SC220, and then migrate the media data on the two 4 TB RAID0 drives on my old gaming PC over to R420/SC220 pool. I would then move my Servarr stack over to the R420 as well. Ideally, I'd also like to physically move the two 4 TB HDDs over to the R420. Presumably, I would have to reformat the drives to use ZFS rather the BTRFS and then integrate them somehow into the ZFS pool?

    Anyway, I'm not sure of the best procedure to accomplish all of this, so I would be grateful to hear from anyone who has any experience or insight. Thanks in advance.


    Revisiting Dresden and parallels to Gaza Revisiting Dresden—Frederick Taylor's Eye-Opening Account and Its Contemporary Implications — Minding The Campus

    There is a longstanding myth from the Second World War that the Allies killed hundreds of thousands of civilians by the sudden and shameless aerial bombing of Dresden, a beautiful city remarkable for its history and culture. That the bombing was a shameful war crime against innocent civilian German ...

    Revisiting Dresden—Frederick Taylor's Eye-Opening Account and Its Contemporary Implications — Minding The Campus

    There is a longstanding myth from the Second World War that the Allies killed hundreds of thousands of civilians by the sudden and shameless aerial bombing of Dresden, a beautiful city remarkable for its history and culture. That the bombing was a shameful war crime against innocent civilian German non-combatants was told by Kurt Vonnegut in his novel Slaughterhouse-Five. He personally survived the bombing, present in a nearby POW camp. His tale, endlessly repeated as though true, seemed an unjustified blot on Allied war history. But like historians of the period, Vonnegut lacked access to the official East German records. He had not heard the contrary stories of other survivors unwilling to risk offending communist authorities perpetuating damaging propaganda about the West.

    The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1989 provided German historians access to previously restricted East German records relevant to the Allied bombing of Nazi targets in Dresden, Germany. Frederick Taylor, a bilingual scholar, read several German accounts, yet untranslated into English, that dispelled the myth. He began a three-year investigation, reviewing new sources and having insightful consultations with German historians knowledgeable about the fateful day of the bombing on February 13, 1945. His book is a significant achievement, providing new insights and critically important data. The historical record corrects the myth that must now be put to rest.

    Taylor found that Dresden was “by the standards of its time a legitimate military target.”[1] After an examination of official records and all other available sources, including a review of the official count of bodies and ashes of incinerated victims buried, he thinks the fairest estimate of the number of deaths due to the bombing is in a range between twenty-five thousand and forty thousand. This documented and verifiable number corrects the propaganda that soon gratuitously added a zero. Nevertheless, the loss of life in Dresden was a terrible result of war:

    None of this is to minimize the appalling reality of such a vast number of dead, so horribly snatched from this life within the space of a few hours, or to forget that most of them were women, children, and the elderly. Wild guesstimates — especially those exploited for political gain — neither dignify nor do justice to what must account, by any standards, as one of the most terrible single actions of the Second World War.[2]

    Taylor’s book is timely as questions are being raised today about how the law of international warfare might apply to combatants who intentionally hide in, behind, and under civilian populations. For example, Hamas risks civilian lives by placing its military headquarters and armaments in residential areas. Photographs now show Hamas positioned military arms and tunnels under civilian hospitals. When they fired unguided rockets from a pre-school or residential buildings, they claimed that the retaliatory response by their enemy with a precisely targeted guided missile strike, was an atrocious war crime against civilians.

    Taylor finds the loss of life and damage to property due to the war against Germany abhorrent. He does not blame the Allies. Just as evil perpetuated by the Nazis was ended along with horrific loss of life, so it appears that the evil committed by Hamas against Israel will end along with a sad and grievous cost to human life. There is a stunning difference, however. In World War II, the Allies struck by surprise. By contrast, the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) have dropped leaflets by air to warn civilians below of what was coming, urging them to move to safer areas. The IDF is at war with Hamas, not Palestinian civilians.

    The current situation in Gaza provides a telling contrast to the bombing of Dresden. It should provoke the Arab world into shame and condemnation. There is no justification for Arab silence in the face of Hamas’s cowardice, now on full display before the world. Hamas claims the IDF killed doctors, when the facts are that the IDF brought doctors to Gazan hospitals to help save lives. The brutality of the situation is plain: Hamas has taken the Palestinian population of Gaza hostage—not just 240 Israelis and migrant workers. The report that Hamas killed some Palestinian civilians moving south to safety rings true because Hamas values the propaganda value of civilian deaths. The death toll is further inflated by counting military casualties. Hamas hopes to be saved by an international outrage and intervention that believes the lies. But the Gaza’s Palestinian blood is on Hamas’s hands. Their barbaric, inhumane acts have been shamefully exposed, while their spokesman objects to the subhuman identity and lack of sympathy that Hamas deserves. Israel’s primary war aim is and ought to be the completely destruction of Hamas, leaving it buried forever along with the sad collateral damage for which Hamas alone will be responsible.

    Taylor’s story of Dresden reminds us that the United States and its Allies were unwilling to negotiate a truce, observe a ceasefire, or even a fighting pause as a path to peace with Nazi Germany. The Nazi threat was so evil that it had to be completely eradicated so that the Nazis could neither govern Germany nor win the war. Victory in war against Nazi Germany meant the Allies had to make difficult moral decisions, like the necessity of bombing military targets hidden within civilian areas despite the cost in human life. It was a cost well familiar to the Americans, as 81,000 American soldiers died fighting in the Ardennes in December, 1944.[3] War was hell then and war is hell now. Hamas must be stopped. Its naive, unemployable apologists on campus should be warned that Never Again means Never Again.


    Palestinians support Hamas decision to go to war with Israel, survey suggests, with no political solution on horizon Palestinians support Hamas decision to go to war with Israel, survey suggests, with no political solution on horizon | CNN

    A survey of Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank suggests they back Hamas in its decision to go to war with Israel, seeing no alternative to armed struggle.

    Palestinians support Hamas decision to go to war with Israel, survey suggests, with no political solution on horizon | CNN

    CNN reporting on some interesting survey results from the Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research in Ramallah. Seven hundred and fifty adults were interviewed face to face in the West Bank, and 481 were interviewed in Gaza, also in person. The Gaza data collection was done during the recent truce, when it was safer for researchers to move about.


    Poilievre opens up 15 point lead over Trudeau on preferred Prime Minister tracking (Nanos)

    Never invade Russia in the winter. Never fight a land war in Asia. Never go for a third term as Prime Minister in Canada. It makes the electorate hate you. I don't complain much about his policies, but Trudeau is screwing his own party over and now we might end up with the Trumpiest of Canadian politicians as PM.


    Issue running free software media streaming stack with VPN and pi-hole

    Good day, everyone. I took the plunge into self-hosting in the last couple of weeks and set up a server running Linux Mint. I installed the media streaming stack composed of Jellyfin, Jellyseerr, Radarr, Sonarr, Jackett, Bazarr and Transmission according to this excellent guide:

    Before installing it on my server, I tested it on my Linux Mint laptop and it worked perfectly. I also run NordVPN and had no issues running the streaming stack with my VPN running on the laptop. I then installed it on my server (running the exact same version of Linux Mint) and it runs fine UNTIL I turn on my VPN and then I get an "Internal Server Error 500" from Jellyseerr. Jellyseerr is still able to list the requests I've made, but can't display the Discover sections that list popular movies and shows unless I turn off the VPN.

    The one difference between my successful laptop test setup and my final server setup is that I'm also running Pi-Hole on my server, so perhaps the problem is related to that? I installed the Pi-Hole using the official Ubuntu installer on the Pi-Hole website.

    Anyway, I'm new to self-hosting so I'm not sure if I've provided the necessary details. Any help getting this setup to work with my VPN is greatly appreciated.


    Another Ford government cabinet minister resigns Premier Doug Ford announces cabinet shuffle hours after third minister resigns in a month

    Premier Doug Ford is shuffling his cabinet for the second time in recent weeks after Ontario Labour Minister Monte McNaughton announced Friday he is stepping away from politics to move into the private sector.

    Premier Doug Ford announces cabinet shuffle hours after third minister resigns in a month

    Monte McNaughton has resigned, making that three resignations and forcing a cabinet shuffle. Nothing to do with the unfolding Greenbelt scandal, of course. /s