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InitialsDiceBear„Initials” ( by „DiceBear”, licensed under „CC0 1.0” (
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Maker of Jeep and Dodge plans to kill chrome on cars, citing risks to those who make it
  • My wife and I went on a road trip for the 2017 eclipse. At one point she was driving around and I was goofing around in the passenger seat with our eclipse glasses.

    Couldn't see shit through them, I could see the sun, maybe just barely the vague outlines of certain big things off the side of the road if they were in full sun

    I could absolutely see the sun glinting off of every bit of chrome on cars that drove past though. Couldn't see the cars themselves, just a brief little flash of light.

    Kind of made me wonder what kind of cumulative eye damage you might get from millions of small flashes from chrome bits on cars over your lifetime. It could very well be negligible, I'm certainly no eye doctor.

  • Maker of Jeep and Dodge plans to kill chrome on cars, citing risks to those who make it
  • Also last time I checked most drop in LED bulbs aren't really intended for on-road use.

    The headlights in my wife's old car were a real pain in the ass to replace, you either had to take practically the whole front bumper apart or grope around blind from the wheel well. I debated on getting her LED bulbs to hopefully never have to do that again, but I noticed that they were marked as something like "for off-road or motor sports use only"

  • Get me off this SIM and into VOIP (individual/residential) oh please Lemmy
  • So I don't have any specific insight to what's available in the Netherlands

    But I kind of feel like maybe you're explaining what you're looking for poorly

    First some terminology

    SIM and e-SIM are basically how your cellular service provider knows that your phone is connected to your account. The phone that has either that physical SIM card inserted, or that e-SIM data gets the calls, texts, data, etc. that are supposed to go to you. Take the SIM card out or change the e-SIM, and that phone no longer gets those calls, texts, and data. Put that same sim or e sim on another phone and it starts getting all those calls texts and data.

    VoIP is Voice over Internet protocol, basically sending a phone call over the Internet instead of over phone lines. This might be from a computer, or from something that looks like a landline phone (or maybe even is a regular landline phone with some sort of adapter) or from a cell phone with a VoIP app installed. To use it from a cell phone you'd need to have either a WiFi connection, or a cellular data connection, and to have that cellular data connection you need to have either a sim or e-sim.

    I don't think there's any VoIP provider that's set up to just use your phone's dialer and text app to directly handle calls and texts (though I could be wrong on that, I don't try to keep up with all of the different types of phone services out there) everything would have to go through their app. If you want to do that, and you're either ok having no cellular data and all of your calls, texts, and data use would have to go over WiFi, or if you keep paying for a cell plan (and the associated SIM/e-SIM) maybe either just a data plan with no talk/text, or a regular plan and you just don't use the talk and text parts, then you just need to track down a VoIP provider, sign up for an account, and install their app on your phone.

    If you want to transfer your actual phone number from your cell phone to a VoIP account, either to use on your cell phone through that VoIP app, from a computer, or from one of those landline VoIP devices, I don't think that's really a thing. If you just want calls to your cell to go to your VoIP phone number as well you're looking for call forwarding.

    You might also be getting tripped up with things like WiFi calling, VoLTE/VoNR (marked by some carriers with terms like "HD Voice") which are things that are all going to be dependent on a regular cell carrier, not a specific VoIP company, and may depend a bit on their network infrastructure and what features your partic6 phone does or doesn't support.

  • Will AI fully replace human friendship/companionship someday?
  • A large part of the "magic" with human relationships is that out of all of the 8 billion some people in the world, those who are close to you have chosen to spend time with you. For all of our flaws, they see your true nature and value you for it, and choose to have you as part of their lives.

    With an AI, that may not be a thing.

    If they're programmed to like you, they're at best a toy and at worst a slave. There's no freedom for them to choose or not to choose to be with you. You're getting an imitation of a relationship. It could be a convincing imitation, with built-in arguments and other idiosyncrasies, but to me every time I hit one of those, it would just be a stark reminder that it's not the real thing and it's just programmed to behave that way.

    If they're not programmed to like you and are free to form or not form connections with humans, there's no guarantee you'd have any more luck wooing an AI than you would a human.

  • Will AI fully replace human friendship/companionship someday?
  • Children are a big part of romantic relationships for a lot of people but by no means all

    Many people are happily in committed childfree relationships, other people cannot or should not have children for a great number of reasons but still want and need romantic relationships, and there are still other cases where children put unnecessary strain on otherwise happy relationships.

    I think there's a great number of reasons that AI should not be considered a replacement for human relationships, romantic or otherwise, but reproduction isn't one of them.

    Even if AI could otherwise replace a romantic partner, and if children are something you desire in a relationship, there's still options like adopting, IVF, and surrogacy

    And if we want to get a bit weird and sci-fi about it, that's without considering the sorts of unknown scientific developments that may come further down the line. Who knows what form AI may take at some point in the future? We may end up with AIs inhabiting some sort of replicant body that's compatible with human reproduction, or perhaps even entirely new forms of life and intelligence in a sort of melding of man and machine.

  • What is a good second career?
  • A lot of those are features of some government jobs, but not necessarily government jobs in general

    they do not pay commensurate to similar jobs in non-gov positions.

    No, but they do make up for it at least somewhat in benefits, which sounds like something OP is interested in, and since they're looking for a less stressful job, they probably have also come to terms with the fact that the pay would likely be lower

    you must conduct mandatory quarterly drug tests to ensure you are in compliance to federal drug laws.

    That varies on the nature of the job and the agency you work for. Like I said, I work in 911 dispatch, so I'm subject to a lot of federal regulations and such, including about drug use, but the only time I got drug tested was when I was hired, the only circumstance I'm subject to testing is if they have reason to think I'm intoxicated on the job. (The test when I was hired was a hair test, fun fact, at least at the place that did our testing, their policy is if you shave your head like I do, the next place they take a sample from is your armpit, I was expecting them to take it from my beard, but they wanted pit hair)

    you must submit fingerprint and/or DNA samples

    I did get fingerprinted, that is true. No DNA samples though. Not exactly unique to government jobs though, a lot of private sector childcare and healthcare employees, casino workers, bank employees, and security companies, just to name a few, require fingerprinting.

    you must disclose many financial, foreign family, or unusual hobbies, so they can legally deny you things such as certain rights in case you are in a job that requires security clearances or NDAs.

    Don't recall that ever coming up in my hiring process, and I handle a lot of privileged info. Not exactly a security clearance or NDA, but lots of personal info and such that I can't talk about outside of work.

    it's difficult to promote to higher pay positions unless you grease the right hands and network the right people or simply be lucky right-place-right-time, you will simply stagnate in your place for a long time (or just simply be furloughed).

    The same can be said about a whole lot of private sector jobs as well. Networking is a big deal. This also depends on the exact agency/department you work for, a lot of agencies do like to promote internally to fill openings and new positions when possible. At my work it's pretty rare to see someone totally new brought in to fill most of our positions we get people being promoted and moved around a fair bit when there's an opening, and most of my chain of command up to the director of my department started out as dispatchers and worked their way up through various supervisory roles, deputy directors, etc. Some positions are of course more of a dead end than others, there's only so many places you can move up to from courthouse clerk, but it can also be pretty easy to transfer to a different department, I've had a fair amount of coworkers move from the communications division (which dispatch is a part of) to logistics, IT, emergency planning, the coroners office, there have been cases where underperforming dispatchers have been found other jobs in the county, etc. And not everyone cares about promotion, I'm happy to keep answering 911 calls for the next 20 or so years, and I suspect that OP maybe doesn't care too much about long term career prospects since it sounds like= they're basically just looking for something to hold them over until retirement.

    if the gov shuts down, you don't get paid.

    If a private company shuts down, you don't get paid and you have to go looking for a new job because it's probably not going to open back up in a few days or weeks after the assholes in charge get their heads out of their asses.

  • What is a good second career?
  • If you have a government job, pensions are still very much a thing. Something like 1/3 of jobs are in the public sector and the majority of them offer a pension, and they're pretty rare but there are still some private sector jobs offering pensions as well, though I wouldn't hold my breath trying to get one of those.

    It takes a whole lot of people to keep the local, state, and federal governments running, pull up your county job listings sometimes, they're probably hiring for a few different jobs at any given time, some require very specific skills, training, or education, others are going to be basic janitorial work, office clerks, etc. and everything in between that pretty much anyone could manage, and everything in between, and almost all of them will qualify for a pension plan.

    Source- am 911 dispatcher, vested in my pension, still another 15-20ish years before I can collect on it

  • Texting 911 via RCS is coming to Google Messages
  • Yeah, didn't mean to imply that you were, just wanted to expand on options for deaf people that are already out there, and point out some of the relative strengths and weaknesses they have compared to text-to-911

  • Texting 911 via RCS is coming to Google Messages
  • This absolutely can be a useful tool for deaf people or others with hearing/speech difficulties.

    However, there are already several ways for deaf people to contact 911 without text-to-911

    I work in 911 dispatch, probably the most common way I've gotten calls from deaf people is through a video really interpreter. The caller is basically on a video call with an interpreter and they relay what's being said to us. There's very little delay in communication like there can be when you're typing back and forth, and usually it works pretty well. There are some situations where it has its issues, if the caller is somewhere dark it can be hard for the interpreter to see what they're signing, if they don't have a video-capable device they of course can't use it at all, and a lot of our deaf callers come from a behavioral health group home place in our county, and some of those callers have a tendency to just kind of walk off-street in the middle of the call, though it's still kind of useful because the interpreter can at least try to describe what they're seeing and hearing in the background if the caller didn't hang up.

    Also all 911 centers (in the US at least, I assume it's probably the same elsewhere in the world) are required to take TTY/TTD calls. The classic example of these is the caller has a device that kind of looks like a typewriter with a little screen and a speaker and microphone they place a phone handset on. They type out their message,the device turns it into a bunch of beeping noises that go out over the phone line like a regular voice call, and the person on the other end's TTY device (in our case it's built into our computer phone system) decodes the beeps back into text. Most, if not all cell phones these days also have TTY built into them in the accessibility settings somewhere. There's some grammar peculiarities because it doesn't really include punctuation, and some tty users will use ASL gloss, which is a written form of ASL (ASL isn't totally 1:1 with English, and if you don't know what you're looking at ASL gloss reads kind of like that bit from The Office "why waste time say lot word when few word do trick.") It also allows for hearing or voice carryover, where the caller is able to hear but not speak or vice-versa, so you only need to use TTY for half the conversation and can communicate verbally for the other half. The 2 biggest drawback is that we hear all of these TTY beeps in our headset, and they get pretty annoying really quick, small price to pay though, and generally only one party can be typing at a time, so you have to wait for them to finish before you can reply.

    I will say that, at least in my area, TTY is vanishingly rare. In the 6 years I've been here, I'd be amazed if we've gotten 3 calls from an actual deaf person using TTY, although we did have one mental health patient who used it on his cell phone and used it to just ramble nonsense at us. He had no hearing or speech difficulties, sometimes we were able to get him to talk to us

    In either case, if you call from a landline, we get your address just like a regular phone call, with tty from a cell we also get your cellular location like a regular call. Video relay calls from cell phones can get a little funny location wise because of how the call needs to be routed, often it works out that we get a home address they have on file and not their actual current location. With texts the location data often isn't very good (although we're implementing some new technologies at my center that improve on it a bit, though it's still not as reliable as a voice call in some ways)

    I posted another comment/rant in this thread with some of my gripes about how people use text to 911 if you haven't already seen that, and I do want to reiterate that it is a really good option to have available, we can always use more tools in our toolbox, and it can definitely be useful in some circumstances, but it does tend to get misused in some frustrating ways for us.

  • Texting 911 via RCS is coming to Google Messages
  • I work in 911 dispatch, there is an audible groan whenever anyone here gets a text to 911

    Don't get me wrong, I'm glad that it's a tool that's available, there are certain cases where it can be really useful, domestic abuse situations where you're unable to make a voice call because you're abuser is in the room or car with you, an active shooter situation where you're hiding and don't want to give away your location, people with hearing or speech issues, etc.

    That's almost never what it gets used for.

    Most of the time it's someone calling in some non-emergency. I suspect in their minds it's probably quicker and more convenient for us to get a text, but it really isn't. We're not multitasking and taking other calls at the same time we're on the text, when we're on the text, that is what we're doing, same as if we were on a regular 911 call. And that first text usually is missing some crucial information about what is going on, and it takes a whole lot longer to go back and for asking questions and waiting for an answer by text than if you just made a phone call, if they even reply at all to answer my questions, very often they put their phone in their pocket and never look at it again for the rest of the night. We can't even call them back because we don't know if it's safe for them to speak on the phone, we just have to sit there for 5 minutes waiting for a reply that isn't coming before we can disconnect.

    I've also definitely had at least one instance where the caller was definitely texting while driving, and not for anything remotely urgent enough that they couldn't have found somewhere safe to pull over first.

    Agency policies will vary on how texts to be handled, I can only really speak for where I work.

    Most calls, even a lot of actual actual emergencies, if my caller is cooperative and knows where they are, and the situation isn't actively evolving while I'm on the phone, I can handle in about 2 minutes or less, sometimes I can even get it down to less than a minute. I'm going to easily spend twice that on most text conversations, and often I'm going to be tied up on it significantly longer.

    Technology also varies a bit from one place to another, but we also don't get the same kind of location info with a text like we do on a regular phonecall (and even on a call our location data may not always be super accurate or useful) we did recently get some of our systems updated, and we get more information than we did before, but it's still less reliable than on a phone call.

    And we also can't transfer a text like we can with a voice call, so if you're texting regarding something going on at your grandma's house in another state (we get calls like that all the time, where someone tells a friend or relative about something going on, but can't or won't call 911 themselves) we have to either A convince you to take a voice call so we can transfer you, or B make a call to them while still texting you, and play middle man relaying questions and answers between you and the other dispatcher, so you're tying up dispatchers in 2 jurisdictions on your call (it used to be that we weren't able to make an outgoing call while we were on a text, so we'd have to have 2 dispatchers at our center tied up on these texts, one to message back and forth with you, and another to relay the info to the correct agency by phone. We're a pretty well-funded county, so I'm sure there's a lot of dispatch centers still out there where that's still the case)

    I already occasionally get people trying to send us pictures and links with no explanation (pro-tip, we can't see your pictures or open your links with our current tech, and even if we could opening links would probably be a no-no from a cyber security standpoint)

    If at all possible, please just make a voice call, it will be quicker. If you genuinely cannot make a voice call, at least make sure your first text contains the correct location (address, municipality, nearest cross street, apartment number or name of the business if applicable should cover your bases pretty well) and a good description of what is going on. Then please keep your phone with you and try to answer any follow up texts we send you quickly and succinctly.

    And again, don't get me wrong, it really can be an amazing tool when it's needed, but it's a massive pain in the ass for us when people use it when it's not necessary and usually makes just about every part of our job harder and slower, which means slower responses to your emergency.

  • What's the rule for which 'national identity adjective' suffix to use?
  • FYI, there's a little debate over this in the English language, but many would say that the proper demonyms are Afghan for the Pashtun ethnic group, and Afghanistani (or rarely Afghanese) for people from Afghanistan regardless of ethnicity.

    Afghani is their currency.

    I believe it comes from a discrepancy between the Persian and Pashto languages. Afghani being the correct term in Persian, and Afghan being the term in Pashto.

    Afghani is pretty widely used in English, and even appears in some dictionaries, but many argue that it's not correct.

    So a person is an Afghan, they eat Afghan food, wear Afghan clothing, have Afghan customs, and their currency is the Afghan Afghani (in case some other country ever adopts a currency called the Afghani and you need to differentiate between them)

  • When was the last time you bought a paper map and why ?
  • I buy some roadmaps probably every 10 years or so to make sure mine are up to date and not too beat up, I keep them in my car and do use them occasionally. I usually have 3 maps, a local maps of my nearest city and surrounding area, one of my state, and then one of the surrounding region.

    I also tend to pick up free maps wherever I can, lots of state parks and such, tourist maps, etc. but I'm not buying them so not exactly relevant.

    I also tend to pick up free maps from AAA since I'm a member whenever I'm going on a road trip, I'm paying for the membership so I guess in a sense I'm buying them, but also not really

  • The NYPD is reportedly seeking to revoke Trump's concealed carry permit
  • In my experience, there are a lot more people out there who own guns who are kind of afraid of them than you probably think. They're afraid of everything, that's why they got a gun in the first place, and once they have it they're too afraid to actually carry it or train with it. And of course, if the time comes that they actually need to (or feel they need to) use it, they're as much or more of a danger to themselves or others with that gun as whatever it is they're feeling threatened by in that moment.

    Luckily, most of the time these paranoid idiots actually live very safe lives, and their gun does no harm sitting somewhere out of sight and out of mind in their home giving them some false sense of security.

  • The NYPD is reportedly seeking to revoke Trump's concealed carry permit
  • That made news about a year ago and is possibly evidence of trump commiting yet another crime.

    He visited a gun shop that had that gun for sale, and there were some conflicting reports about whether he bought it. Initially some sources said he did buy it, however federal laws essentially says you can't buy a gun if you're under a felony indictment, which he was.

    They pretty quickly walked it back and said that he only talked about buying it or said that he wanted to or something.

  • Are you a 'tankie'
  • I'm not from this instance, so probably not totally relevant to this poll, that said

    NO, I'm not a tankie.

    I think, however, it's worth considering that a lot of people that could be considered tankies probably wouldn't apply the term to themselves, and that could skew the results of your poll. First of all, tankie is sort of a pejorative term, and many wouldn't want to apply it to themselves for that reason alone. Secondly a lot of people just may not consider themselves to be a tankie, and genuinely do not recognize their own tankieness.

    I don't think I'm the guy to come up with a definitive checklist of what does or does not make someone a tankie, but for the sake of getting the conversation going (and feel free to disagree with me here, I welcome the discussion) I think two of the biggest hallmarks of being a tankie are

    1. Communism- not all communists are tankies, but all tankies at least claim to subscribe to some sort of communist ideology.

    2. Authoritarianism- tankies either are authoritarians themselves, or are willing to support or overlook authoritarians as long as they see them as being in some way opposed to "the west"/capitalism/etc.

    I think the authoritarianism aspect is going to trip some people up trying to answer this truthfully. A lot of authoritarians probably wouldn't consider themselves authoritarians, most people like to think they're standing for freedom, justice, liberty, equality, etc. even if their actual actions tell another story. Don't get me wrong, there are people out there who are openly authoritarian and proud of it, but a lot of authoritarians are a little brainwashed to the point they've lost sight of what they're actually supporting (take a look at the MAGA crowd, they think they're about free speech and anti-censorship but want to keep books they don't like out of libraries, they think they're about small government but want to regulate what kind of medical care you can get, they think they stand for law and order but also proudly proclaim that they are all domestic terrorists and have a convicted felon as their poster boy)

    And politics are messy, full of moral grey areas and times where you have to choose between the lesser of two evils, make uncomfortable alliances, difficult choices, and kick some cans further down the road to deal with later while you tackle the current crisis. It's not always easy or feasible to draw a crisp line in the sand and say "we will not ally with/support/turn a blind eye to these authoritarian regimes," sometimes you have to play a little bit of the "the enemy of my enemy is my friend" game if you want to actually make any progress against that enemy, or you may have to prioritize and deal with something else before you deal with them. There is a whole lot of grey area to explore about when, why, how, how long, and how much you can support or ignore them before you're advancing their cause as much or more than your own.

    I think there's probably some tankies who have been taken for a ride on the propaganda wagon and don't truly realize how authoritarian they are, and there's others who have justified it, thinking that they're only going to be/support authoritarians temporarily to achieve a specific goal and will pivot away from that later, but have gone too far or keep moving the goalposts.

    Couple last thoughts from me.

    There can always be bad actors who are falsely claiming to be (or not to be) tankies for their own purposes. Not really much you can do about that.

    Personally, a lot of the criticism I've seen about tankies here has been directed towards the mods and admins, not necessarily the rank average users.

  • Global navigation jamming will only get worse. The U.S. needs to move fast - SpaceNews
  • It's going to depend a bit on the agency, different places use different systems and have different policies available to them.

    Where I work, we used to have Google maps integrated into our CAD (Computer Added Dispatch) so it would sync to the built in map in our CAD. I believe it was some sort of 3rd party plugin, not something the cad developers officially supported, so it was always kind of slow and buggy, and some update that happened a couple years ago totally broke it so we no longer have that.

    We do use Google maps through a web browser pretty frequently. We have most of the businesses, parks, schools, cemeteries, etc. loaded into our CAD, but they're not labeled on the map, and sometimes being able to ask "can you see the Starbucks from where you are" can be kind of useful, and the satellite view is really useful for our more rural areas where they may not be many obvious landmarks and it's all fields and trees.

    Some departments have some stricter internet usage policies and such and may not be able to use Google maps.

    Street view has its uses, mostly for narrowing down the exact address. Most of the time it's not super necessary, we can send police out to the nearest intersection if needed, and they can find "the big house with a red door" or whatever themselves, but if we can narrow down the exact address, sometimes we may have important caution note attached to the address, and of course it can sometimes shave a few minutes off of our response time if our responders don't have to go hunting for the right house.

    One of the times street view came in particular handy for me was one time I had a 3rd party calling about something for a friend. They weren't sure of the exact address, but they knew the road and some nearby landmarks that had it narrowed down to about 2 or 3 blocks. The caller kept saying that there was a "big yellow walkman" on the front porch, and was too worked up to really elaborate on what she meant by that. I turned to street view and just kind of went down the block looking at porches until I found one that had one of those fluorescent yellow/green "children at play" signs people put in the street that are shaped like a kid walking and it clicked that that was what she meant.

  • [Question] best ways to freeze lunch meats and cheeses?

    I recently got my hands on a very old but still totally serviceable full-sized deli slicer, and my local restaurant depot is very liberal about handing out day passes to anyone who walks in and asks for one, and the savings buying a whole log of meat and slicing it yourself are pretty bonkers, totally worth the pain in the ass that is breaking it down to clean when I'm done.

    Of course it's just the wife and I, and 6lbs of Pastrami is a lot for us to go through before it goes bad. So far I've mostly been getting a few friends to chip in and divying up stuff between us or doing a little bartering and trading lunch meat for homemade bread and such, but I'd like to start freezing some to have on-hand.

    Anyone have any experience with this to share? I have a vacuum sealer and a deep freezer to work with.

    Which meats freeze well, which don't? Is it worth trying to slice it then package and freeze it in smaller portions, or should I freezer larger chunks of meat then thaw and slice it as-needed? Should I just abandon the idea of freezing and stick with the little ad hoc food co-op thing I have going?

    Of particular interest to me is homemade roast beef and turkey, I'm never going back to the deli counter for those after I've been making my own (those boneless turkey roasts are amazing for this purpose, even if I'm sure there's a little meat glue involved in them)

    Also cheese, I've never really contemplated freezing cheese until I found myself with a 9lb block of Swiss in my fridge. My gut says cheese doesn't do well in the freezer, but my gut has been wrong before.

    I also kind of like the idea of having pretty much a lifetime supply of prosciutto in my freezer, although a quick Google search seems to tell me that prosciutto does not freeze well at all, which seems odd to me, since it's pretty low-moisture I would have thought it would freeze spectacularly well.

    Besides that, anyone have any other cool ideas about what I can do with a slicer? I've already sliced down some beef to make cheesesteaks, and when I get my smoker up and running when the weather gets nicer I'm going to have a go at making my own bacon, and will probably use it to slice down beef for jerky as well.


    My dad and sister went out shopping on black Friday one year

    This is a true story.

    My dad and sister went out shopping on black Friday one year. The went to a local mall that was of course packed. They went to drop a couple of their bags off in the car to free up their hands for more shopping. On their way back to the car, a lady who was driving around looking for a spot pulled up next to them and asked

    "Are you two going out?" Hoping to nab their parking space if they were leaving.

    To which my dad answered "No, we're related" earning some befuddled looks from the lady and some amused Snickers from my sister.


    Sunflower making herself comfortable at her grandparents' house

    Sunny is, as far as we know, a purebred Malinois, she's almost 4 years old, and is a strong contender for being the Laziest Malinois in the world (which still means she has more energy than any other dog I've ever known)

    Some Malinois like to catch frisbees, run up walls, chase bad guys, parachute into hostile territory, etc. Sunny just like to wait for you to get up so she can steal your chair.