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InitialsDiceBear„Initials” ( by „DiceBear”, licensed under „CC0 1.0” (
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Have you ever, given someone a major step up in life, been a mentor, and measurably altered the trajectory of their life for the better?
  • One of my best friends in elementary school was a son of Turkish immigrants.
    His parents didn't speak any German, so naturally he had serious issues with the language, too.
    This held him back in school, which lead to him getting sent to the lowest tier of secondary school.
    (We have 3 tiers in Germany. The highest one (Gymnasium) qualifies you for university, the middle one (Realschule) used to qualify you for highly-skilled work that doesn't require university, and the lowest one (Hauptschule) for the trades. Nowadays, even trades jobs scoff at the middle tier, and the lowest tier is basically a direct route to a life of shit jobs or unemployment.)
    But just by hanging out with him as a friend, I taught him German, how to use and fix computers, showed him the world of books, and connected him to German society better. I'm not trying to brag, he was a very bright kid and it wasn't like I was doing this as welfare, he was just a good friend and we shared what we liked with each other.

    25 years later we met again by accident. He actually recognized me when he saw me on the street in a different city.
    By then he had switched from Hauptschule to Realschule, went on to get his qualification for university, studied economics, created his own company in the IT sector, and had 6 employees. And he told me that my friendship was what kept him out of the wrong circles. On the old computer I had given him (which my parents had replaced) he had taught himself how to use office programs, so he was the only one in the family who could do the taxes, which taught him about finances.
    At the time I met him again I was actually unemployed and working odd manual labor jobs under the table, after failing my university education twice due to depression.
    He connected me to some contacts he had, which landed me an IT support job, and now I have a pretty good career as a sysadmin.

  • Don't make a mistake in choosing a distro
  • Maybe because the jre thing was an update that required manual intervention, there was an Arch news item about it. You're expected to read the Arch news before an update when you're running Arch. This can be automated with alias update='yay -Pw && pacman -syu' If that's too much for you, use a different distro.

  • Artificial Superintelligence Could Arrive by 2027, Scientist Predicts
  • The year of the Linux desktop is already here, just not the way the geeks hoped. Most people do their everyday computing on phones now, most phones run on a Linux kernel.
    Windows 11 comes with WSL, and the entire OS is mostly a front-end for Microsoft's cloud services now, which run on Linux.

  • Fedora Linux KISSmyOSFeddit

    [Fedora Silverblue] Why are these updates still shown to me?

    original post:

    I've activated automatic updates in Gnome Software Center. Now more and more updates are shown to me here. Even after a reboot, the update notifications are still there. If I manually click on "update all" and reboot, the update notifications disappear, but I actually thought, after reading the documentation, that updates would require no action from me at all, and that's what I want.

    The weird thing is, the installed programs themselves claim to already be on the new, updated version. So why are the updates still shown in the Software Center?


    [Fedora Silverblue] Why are these updates still shown to me?

    I've activated automatic updates in Gnome Software Center. Now more and more updates are shown to me here. Even after a reboot, the update notifications are still there. If I manually click on "update all" and reboot, the update notifications disappear, but I actually thought, after reading the documentation, that updates would require no action from me at all, and that's what I want.

    The weird thing is, the installed programs themselves claim to already be on the new, updated version. So why are the updates still shown in the Software Center?


    Fedora Silverblue is the most frustrating distro so far

    So I took the plunge and installed Fedora Silverblue because of all that immutable buzz. And it's the most frustrating change I have made in almost 20 years of my distrohopping.

    After installing Silverblue I configured it as usual. I installed necessary flatpaks, played with toolbox and distrobox, installed codecs, configured my bluetooth keyboard and other stuff in /etc and /var. Applied some useful tweaks I found on the web and... well... everything works. Nothing to do anymore. No issues. Nothing breaks, no dependency hell, everything runs smooth. I have nothing to tweak, tinker or configure anymore. So frustrating.

    Every update is just... meh. Smooth, new, fresh system not affected by my stupid tweaking and breaking. Booooring.

    I don't have to distrohop anymore. If I want other distros I can just install them in distrobox. Other versions of apps? Something from AUR perhaps...? No problem. What's the point of distrohopping now? Other DEs? I just rebase my system to other images with almost any DE or WM I want without losing data or messing everything up (damn you, UBlue!).

    I don't even have to reinstall the damn thing cause every time I update the system or rebase it to another image it's like reinstalling it.

    Silverblue killed distrohopping for me. Really frustrating.


    Is it possible to use Linux without the command line?

    We've all heard it before: People claiming Linux isn't a viable alternative cause you can't run it without using the command line.

    I decided to test that. Now there are several distros aimed at new users that have preinstalled GUI tools so you don't have to touch the Terminal. But I wanted to see if that's also possible on a distro not specifically aimed at fresh converts. The oldest distro with a large userbase, which a lot of people consider to be a "standard" Linux, is Debian, so default Debian with Gnome is what I'll use.

    I consider "running an OS" to at least include booting it with full disk encryption, starting applications, connecting to a network, browsing the web, file management, installing updates and new software (both from the repos and third party sources), installing necessary drivers, setting up printing and scanning, and adjusting the looks and behaviour of the user interface. So generally anything you'd be able to do on Windows without opening Powershell, CMD, Regedit or a text editor.

    I guess I'm telling you nothing new when I say that you can install, boot, launch apps and browse the web on Debian without the command line. It comes with a pre-installed software center, printer and scanner setup works out of the box from Gnome's settings.

    Here's where it gets a little trickier: Scrolling on Firefox is rough, cause the preinstalled old version doesn't have Wayland support enabled. So you either have to enable Wayland support or install the Flatpak version of Firefox. To enable Wayland, you have to write MOZ_ENABLE_WAYLAND=1 into /etc/environment. But the file manager doesn't let you edit system files without starting it as root from the command line. To add an "edit as admin" entry to the context menu in Nautilus, you need the nautilus-admin package which isn't available in the software center. It can be installed with Synaptic, a pre-installed GUI frontend for apt. But you still need to edit a system text file, which goes against the spirit of this challenge. The other option requires enabling Flatpak for the Software Center. You can do that by installing gnome-software-plugin-flatpak using synaptic, then heading over to to download the flathub repo file which can be installed with a double-click and a reboot. Note: Beginner-friendly distros ship with a newer Firefox version and Flatpak support out of the box.

    To install any compatible binary on your system (like the Universal Android Debloater, for example), just copy it to any place you like. Install the menu editor alacarte and use it to add a menu entry for the file. Now you can launch it from within Gnome by clicking on its icon or using the global search.

    Another issue is that during the boot process, you're already presented with the command line running boot messages by you, and the password prompt for the disk decryption is also on the command line. Also, the 5 second Grub countdown is kind of annoying. To make this prettier, we need to install grub-customizer, launch it, set the grub countdown to 0 and add the word splash at the end of your kernel parameters in the settings. This activates the "boot-prettifier" plymouth which is pre-installed but not activated by default. Again, pushing the boundaries of this challenge. Note: Beginner-friendly distros come with pretty plymouth boot enabled by default.

    To enable the non-free nvidia Driver, you need to enable non-free software during the GUI installation or in the Software Center settings, then install nvidia-driver from Synaptic, and reboot. Note: Beginner-friendly distros come with a one-click NVidia driver install

    To install Steam from the Debian repos, you'd need to enable Multi-Arch first, which isn't possible without the command line. Using the Flatpak version is your other option. Note: Some beginner-friendly distros handle this for you as soon as you install a package that depends on multi-arch

    tl/dr: It's possible to run and administer Debian for standard tasks without touching the command line. It's just generally faster to use the terminal if you know what you're doing. Distros like Ubuntu, Mint, Zorin or Pop!_OS (possibly also Manjaro which I have no experience with) remove the remaining roadblocks. The only time you'll always need the command line is to fix issues you have with help from other users, because it's much, much easier to just post the right terminal commands online than to guide you through whichever GUI you might be using. Anyone who's ever followed a Windows troubleshooting guide knows what I'm talking about.


    Is it possible to safely "give away" a Steam account to a stranger?

    I'm pretty sure I'm done with Steam gaming, haven't launched a game in almost a year, and generally want to move away from DRM. So I had the idea I could just "give away" my Steam account.

    Create a new email address without personal info attached, tie it to the Steam account, remove my payment info from Steam and just post the email and password somewhere (maybe here) for the first lucky person to claim.

    Would that be safe, or is it possible to recover the changes I made before and get access to my private info? Or is there a better way to give away my games?


    Linux admin with 20 years experience, looking for "beginner" distro [Solved, the real beginner distro was the Debian I've used along the way]

    I'm over tinkering with my OS. So I'm looking for a distro that "just works" out of the box for my laptop. Also I want to test an "easy" distro I can install for my grandpa. I don't care for immutability, declarative config, being fully FOSS or having the newest stuff. I don't want snaps, or a software center that relies on them. So no Ubuntu.

    What I do want (ideally out of the box): Important:

    • as few annoying visible bugs and crashes as possible (looking at you, Ubuntu)
    • Wayland support
    • good package selection, so no independent fringe distro
    • fluid YouTube videos, streaming, pre-installed codecs

    Less important:

    • ideally with Gnome
    • encrypting the hard drive from within the GUI installer
    • nice font rendering (used to be a problem, but I guess not anymore)
    • installing Steam with a button press
    • pre-installed sane-airprint and sane-airscan (automatic setup of my networked printer-scanner-combo)

    You get the idea. The usual stuff (low-end gaming, browsing, streaming, printing, scanning) should just work. I don't have any hardware that poses a problem. From what I've read, Mint doesn't yet support Wayland and doesn't ship with video codecs anymore. (Or am I wrong?) What are the other options? Is Zorin king of the block now? Is Manjaro good now?

    Thanks for any and all input.

    Political Memes KISSmyOSFeddit

    Name this band


    Wayland usage has overtaken X11


    Reporting is done by users who voluntarily upload their system specs via # hw-probe -all -upload